Fines data centre ecosystem

All4Green

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10% - 20% energy saving

Description

10% - 20% energy saving

How it works?

Because it works

All4Green will design new flexible contracts between ICT users and data centres, revolving around the use of Green-SLAs to enable new energy saving policies that can be tailored to different computing styles and can be used with all data centre monitoring and automation frameworks. In addition, matching energy demand patterns of data centres and the energy production/supply patterns of the energy producers/providers will enable peak shaving, the reduction of inefficiencies in energy production, and the exploitation of renewable energy sources without endangering the stability of the grid.

On the one hand, All4Green “global” energy savings will be achieved by helping address excessive energy provision in peak times that creates:

  • Unnecessary CO2 emissions by using inefficient peak energy sources
  • Unnecessary losses of energy tied up in inefficient peak energy sources
  • Unnecessary energy transmission losses by using electricity produced elsewhere.

On the other hand, All4Green is set to create the prerequisites for utility companies to better integrate electricity from unreliable, renewable energy sources and thus

  • To make use of otherwise wasted energy
  • To efficiently integrate non-constant energy sources

This will be achieved by capitalizing on the potential for collaboration within the data centre ecosystem composed of data centres, energy providers and ICT users.

All4Green in Summary

All4Green will:
  • Create a software system, including agent based technology to optimize the interactions between all actors in the data centre ecosystem:
    • The solution is a modular plug-in that can be used on data centres of all computing styles
    • The plug-in is data centre automation/monitoring framework agnostic (capitalizing on components developed in FIT4Green project)
    • The solution will be deployed using minimal resources inside the data centre and will have Web interface for external actors (ICT end users and power provider)
  • Promote the pervasive spread of Green-SLAs with users and therefore:
    • Increase degrees of freedom for data centre energy optimizations
    • Lower data centre energy consumption
    • Allow the data centre to exchange energy plans with power provider and save money through “special offers”
  • Demonstrate the viability of lower prices of services for users accepting Green-SLAs
    • Contribute to power provider/producer efficiency
    • Data centre is a large power consumer and can heavily contribute to Power production balancing and affect energy source mix
    • Workload deferring based on shared Power Plans
    • The power provider will pay back the data centre with discounted power prices and incentives for collaboration
  • Contribute to the adoption of data centre federation as a mean of improving Green-SLAs
    • Workload migration based on shared Power Plans

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Energy provider/data centre sub-ecosystem

Energy provider/data centre sub-ecosystem

Data centers, as major customers of energy providers can significantly contribute to reduce peak loads in the electricity grid or help out if there is a surplus of renewable energy available. Data centers provide numerous methods to adapt power consumption. Some of the methods allow for storing energy when the availability of renewable energy is high. Other methods use the spatial and temporal relocation of services in order to adapt the load in the data center to the actual situation in the electricity grid. The adaption of power consumption requires a close cooperation between data center and energy provider. A signalling between data center and energy provider is needed which allows the energy provider to ask the data center to adapt its power consumption if needed.

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ICT end user/data centre sub-ecosystem: Implementing GreenSLA's

ICT end user/data centre sub-ecosystem: Implementing GreenSLA's

The energy consumption in the data centres depends on several parameters, and it can change according the time and other factors. In order for the environmental impact of data centre energy consumption to be reduced, the data centre must be enabled to respond to energy shaping requests from the energy provider. Therefore, the data centre should have a GreenSLA with the End Users (complementing regular, performance driven service level agreements), including economical and technical parameters in order to realize the contracts effectively, providing discounts or other benefits to the customers meeting and accepting the agreements in order to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions, through different policies and strategies.

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Federation of data centre sub-ecosystem

Federation of data centre sub-ecosystem

One of the new energy optimization directions addressed by the research scope of the All4Green project is improved workload control through collaborations between Data Centres, in the form of Data Centre Federations. Data Centres can federate and collaborate to exchange load among them, to meet short time power reduction request from power users, and also to collaboratively develop medium term plans that capitalize on the price and quality attributes of the energy offered by different power providers. A federation is a set of separately managed Data Centres, with a collaborative attitude governed by dynamic negotiations for controlling the energy consumption and CO2 emissions. From this standpoint, Data Centre Federations are collaboration-based decentralized energy ecosystems.

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All4Green ecosystem tailoring and Simulation tool

All4Green ecosystem tailoring and Simulation tool

This group of project activities is focused on integrating and testing developed software modules into All4Green ecosystem capable of interoperating with end-user, data centre and energy producer legacy systems. In order to facilitate the integration environment, the set-up a technological framework for the definition and development of agents will be performed (utilization of existing Open Source agent frameworks will be considered) including:

  • To develop a dedicated end user-agent in order to endorse the Green-SLAs policies described in WP3 in the interaction between data centre management system and end-user entity.
  • To develop a dedicated energy provider agent to act as the energy provider within the data centre for the application of the peak control model described in WP4.
  • To develop negotiation algorithms amongst federated data centres with respect to dynamic distribution of load to minimize energy consumption while meeting Green-SLAs.

In addition to this integrated environment, All4Green will develop a simulation tool able to demonstrate the interaction between the sub-ecosystems and the reaction of the data centre system after specific stimulation by applying common and extreme conditions.

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All4Green building blocks

All4Green building blocks

The Energy Provider, the individual or federated Data Centre and End Users of the Data Centre are the actors of an ecosystem which has the option to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions considerably if these actors cooperate through a utility negotiation-based collaboration. During times of unanticipated high energy demand from outside the system, the energy provider requests reduction of activity from the Data Centre, who, as major consumer, is able to reduce its energy demand for a short period of time – for instance by delaying jobs or allocating its workload to less loaded nodes of a federated Data Centre. This is done in exchange for discounts in the energy price charged by the Energy Provider, or as additional energy capacity/quota made available to the Data Centre by the Energy Provider, as reward for maintaining the GHG emissions of the Energy Provider under acceptable quota limits.

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Trial activities

Trial activities

The project will demonstrate each one of the three main research challenges through a focused trial to be run in the following test beds:

  • Traditional Data centre Energy Provider & Green-SLAs: The AKT Trial, jointly implemented by AKT, SWP and University of Passau, is focused on the DC/energy provider interoperability aspects, i.e.:
    • Peak load detection and metering on the different layers of DC operation
    • Communication settling between the data centre and the energy provider
    • Feasibility check of the created monitoring and management processes.
  • Data centre Federation: The Wind trial is focused on evaluating the ICT energy reduction efforts within the DC ecosystem in a cooperating federation of data centres sites.
  • Cloud Data Centre & Green-SLAs: HP Italy Innovation Centre will use its lab-grade cloud infrastructure as test bed for the cloud specific Green-SLA experimentation, to assess its technical impacts, and the interaction with a cloud automation framework for enacting ALL4Green specific energy saving actions.

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Reduce Energy up to 20%